Tag Archives: Dental caries

Post operative instructions after placing braces

Eating first days

Although some patients are able to eat or drink almost anything while in braces and have no ill effects, there are certain dietary habits that are known to cause breakage of orthodontic appliances as well as increasing the risk of dental disease. Our aim is to achieve the treatment goals with as few disturbances due to appliance breakage as possible, and minimize the side effects of poor diet choices. Remember, teeth move their best in a healthy environment and in individuals with excellent overall health. Be sure you have a well balanced diet. Continue reading

Is Dental Plaque the Main Cause of Dental Caries?

Our mouth is constantly bathed in saliva and is exposed to the passage of food, the oral flora and many other stimuli considering the variety of objects that people put in their mouths such as cigarettes, pipes, hair-grips and so on. Nevertheless, our mouth has a remarkable ability to resist and adapt according to these stimulations. Our teeth are also exposed to the same factors and they can be covered wholly or in part by food debris, soft and hard deposits.


Dental Plaque, the main cause of Dental Caries

Dental Plaque is a soft but adherent deposit of bacteria and their products, which forms on all tooth surfaces and other objects in the mouth, for example; fillings or dentures. This Plaque formation is a natural, physiological process and is an example of a biofilm, which means it is not a haphazard collection of bacteria but a complex association of many different bacterial species living together in a single environment. For instance, a newborn baby’s mouth is sterile but within a few hours, microorganisms appear; mainly Streptococcus salivarius. By the time the baby had his/ her first tooth out, a complex flora is established.


Basically, Dental Plaque is scarcely visible in thin layers and it can be revealed only by the use of a Plaque-Disclosing Agent. In thick layers, it can be seen as yellowish or grey deposits which cannot be removed with mouthwashes or by irrigation but can be brushed off. It is usual to find it on areas which are difficult to reach by tooth brushing, for example; in between teeth or in severely crowded teeth. When Dental Plaque calcified or mineralized, it will become Dental Calculus or commonly known as Tartar. It is a ‘stony crust’ that forms on teeth and has long been associated with Gums Disease. Having said that; Dental Plaque is the main cause of dental caries.


Dental plaque (in red) visible through plaque disclosing agent








Dental calculus/ tartar








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How to Remove Plaque

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Dental plaque is an adherent deposit of bacteria and their products, which forms on all tooth surfaces. The bacteria in teeth plaque react with foods we eat to produce acids that can attack and weaken tooth enamel (the hard, protective covering on our teeth), opening the way for cavities (dental caries) to develop as well as irritate the gums, leading to gum disease. Therefore it is important that plaque removal be done to keep our mouths healthy. Continue reading

How Does Plaque Affect the Teeth?

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Bacteria in dental plaque are the direct cause of the most widespread of all human diseases – dental cavities and inflammatory gum or periodontal diseases. These diseases, however, are not classical infections. They arise because of complex changes in plaque ecology and are affected by many factors in the host’s protective responses. Continue reading

What causes dry mouth and how to overcome it

Dry mouth is also known as xerostomia. Xerostomia is not a disease but a subjective complain of oral dryness resulting from reduced saliva flow. However, dry mouth can be associated with certain medical conditions such as diabetes , sjogren syndrome and etc.  This is why you should not ignore and get a professional consultation if you are suspecting that you are suffering from dry mouth.

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Preventing Dental Cavities with Sugar Substitutes

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To most people the term sugar refers to the common household foodstuff table sugar (sucrose). Yet sucrose is only one of many naturally occurring sugars used in the human diet. Technically the term sugar applies to two classifications of carbohydrates. Free-form monosaccharides (simple sugars) include the more common glucose, fructose, and galactose. Disaccharides (two simple sugar molecules linked together) include the most common sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Naturally occurring sugars are available in fruits, vegetables, grains and dairy foods. Sweeteners are added sugars that are used as ingredients to both satisfy our taste and in some cases provide added energy. Continue reading

Preventing Dental Cavities by Avoiding Sweets

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Sweets are a bane to our teeth. Not only do they cause cavities in our mouth, they could also be detrimental to our health if consumed in large amounts.  Teeth cavities (also known as dental caries in dental terms) is a common plaque-dependent bacterial infection that is strongly affected by diet. Continue reading

How Does Plaque Affect the Teeth?

What is dental plaque?

Dental plaque is a biofilm (consists of bacteria, saliva )  which is found on tooth surface. It is normally pale yellow in color and initially can be scraped/removed by tooth brushing and flossing. Continue reading

Your Guide To Preventing Cavities

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Cavities in teeth or tooth decay, also known as dental caries to the dental community, is a process that may take place on any tooth surface in the mouth where dental plaque is allowed to develop over a period of time.

Cavities will not only cause you pain in your mouth but also a hole in your wallet if you let the decay progress further as a more extensive dental treatment would be required to treat something that could have been prevented earlier on. Continue reading

The Side Effects of Veneers

Dental veneers are a thin coating of ceramic

Dental veneers are a thin coating of ceramic that is placed over the tooth on the outer side of the tooth. The placement of veneers on your teeth will give you a brighter smile and improve the appearance of your teeth. The cosmetic treatment consists of thin, customized, tooth-colored shells that qualified dentists bond to the outer surface of teeth. Dental veneers can correct problems related to the color, length, size and shape of teeth when properly constructed and attached. Continue reading