Dentures are acrylic based material which resembles your gum and teeth. People need dentures due to loss of tooth or teeth. If someone lost one or few teeth, partial denture is required. Full dentures are for those who lost all their teeth. Lower dentures are meant for lower jaw and upper dentures are meant for upper jaw.
From the past, dentures are solely removable. With the advancement of science and research, nowadays, people could have dental implants. That is why permanent dentures are possible.
What is a permanent denture?
With the word permanent, it simply means the denture is not removable. It is fixed to dental implants or your remaining teeth. Sometimes it is also known as fixed bridges.
How to fabricate a permanent denture?
Initial examination and discussion on options
Firstly, dentist would do a detailed examination of your facial and intraoral conditions. You would need to discuss your main concerns (such as difficulty in chewing) with your dentist. In viewing your dental conditions, the dentist would formulate few options to solve your problems.
Carrying out procedures
If you choose to do permanent dentures with dental implant, radiographs or CT (Computed Tomography) scan would be taken to assess your bone structure and height. There are 2 types of procedures for implant supported permanent dentures.
- Conventional way:After initial assessment and if bone height is sufficient, dental implant would be placed at strategic area of your jaw bone. Numbers of dental implants vary between individuals.3-6 months are required to let the dental implant adheres to your bone while a temporary denture would be custom made to enable you to eat and function normally.
The real permanent denture is then fixed on when your dental implants are ready for function.
- A more advanced guided way:Initial assessment is done with CT scan. The dentist would map your jaw with the computer guided software to plan placement of dental implants. In the same time your final permanent denture is being made at the laboratory.On the day of implant placement itself permanent denture is being fixed on. Thus, this saves time and the procedure claims to cause lesser swelling and pain during healing period.
Review and maintenance
You would have to go back for review as some adjustments may be required for better function. Usually reviews are carried out at one week, three months and six months basis. You are welcomed to go back anytime when you have any problem with your permanent dentures.
Why choose permanent dentures?
Denture wearers often complain of looseness, pain, discomfort, difficulty in speech and swallowing. Our jaw bone recesses and the contour of our ridges (bone covered by gums) changes with time. The base of a denture is fixed therefore it requires trimming and adjustments to adapt to the changes of the jaw bones. But, with permanent dentures these adjustments are not required.
Sometimes when we eat, removable dentures are not stable as our facial muscles and tongue tend to dislodge the denture from its place. Getting a permanent denture would be the choice for those having problems with loose dentures.
Some dentures wearers need to put on denture adhesives (sticky material) on the denture so that it could stick the denture to their gums. With permanent dentures it is not necessary to do so.
Cost of a permanent denture
Permanent dentures are not cheap dentures. Due to the complexity of work and expertise the price is much higher compared to a normal removable denture. The price varies with numbers of dental implants required. To date, cost of a dental implant differs depending on your dental insurance excluding the denture part.
Science and technology had enabled the dental field to provide better and longer lasting replacements of tooth loss. Researches and expertise come with a price. If it is a promising remedy I guess it is still worth it.